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    Integrating Climate and Ecosystem Dynamics in the Southern Ocean (ICED) programme: a report on recent joint activities and links between ICED and CCAMLR

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    Document Number:
    R.D. Cavanagh, N.M. Johnston and E.J. Murphy
    Submitted By:
    Dr Rachel Cavanagh (United Kingdom)
    Approved By:
    Dr Chris Darby (United Kingdom)

    ICED is an international multidisciplinary programme undertaking integrated circumpolar analyses to improve understanding of Southern Ocean change, the implications for ecosystems and for management. Through ongoing engagement between ICED, CCAMLR scientists and the CCAMLR Secretariat, there is increasing mutual understanding of the key areas of ICED science and associated activities that are also of interest to CCAMLR. The 2018 ICED Projections Workshop, undertaken in collaboration with CCAMLR, provided an initial, mainly qualitative, assessment of the potential impacts of climate change on krill, their predators and the fishery in Area 48, and considered the implications for including climate change in decision making for conservation and management. This paper highlights recent ICED research and activities on Southern Ocean ecosystems and change, focusing on areas of interest to CCAMLR and joint ICED-CCAMLR activities, and suggests ways to continue to strengthen the links between ICED and CCAMLR. We encourage CCAMLR involvement in relevant ICED activities to jointly identify, prioritise and address key scientific issue with respect to the management of Southern Ocean ecosystems in the face of change.