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    A characterisation of the toothfish fishery in Subareas 88.1 and 88.2 from 1997/98 to 2006/07

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    Номер документа:
    S.M. Hanchet, M.L. Stevenson and A. Dunn (New Zealand)
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    The exploratory fishery for Antarctic toothfish (D. mawsoni) has been operating for ten years in Subarea 88.1 and for five years in Subarea 88.2. This report summarises the large amount of data collected on toothfish and the associated bycatch by all vessels participating in the fishery. All SSRUs in the two subareas except for 881D and 882C have now been fished. The 2007 D. mawsoni catch was the second highest on record with a total of 3431 t against a combined catch limit of 3579 t. The management of the SSRUs within the two subareas was changed for the 2006 season as part of a 3-year experiment (SC-CAMLR-XXIV). One of the aims of the experiment was to simplify the administration of the fishery by having fewer catch limits. This appeared to be moderately successful, with only one catch limit being slightly exceeded in the 2006 season, and two catch limits exceeded in the 2007 season. Although there was a large overrun of the catch limit in the North region, the overall catch limit for Subarea 88.1 was only exceeded by 2%. The catch limit was under caught in Subarea 88.2. The concentration of effort within smaller spatial areas in Subarea 88.1 has undoubtedly contributed to the large increase in tag recoveries over the past two seasons (Dunn et al. 2007).
    The length frequency data from the Ross Sea fishery have been very consistent over the past 3–4 seasons. There is no evidence of any truncation of the overall length frequency distribution, and no evidence for a reduction in fish length in any SSRU over time. Although moderate numbers of small fish are caught in some years (e.g., on the Shelf in 1999 and 2001), these year classes are not seen in large numbers in later years in the fishery. So at this stage there is no evidence for strong variation in year class strength in the fishery.