The reproductive performance of commercially important crustaceans may be considerably affected by symbiotic nemertean egg predators and parasitic castrators. Because these parasites commonly affect only females or feminize males, they may be protected by management practices that protect females. To manage a parasitized stock, we suggest that strategies should vary depending on the recruitment dynamics of both host and parasite. For a certain spatial scale, recruitment to a population may be "open" or "closed" depending on the behavior of planktonic larvae, the duration of these planktonic stages, and the flush rate of the environment of the adult host. Both hosts and parasites may have open or closed larval recruitment. We developed mathematical models to investigate the impact of protection of females on a hypothetical fishery for different combinations of host and parasite recruitment dynamics. The models suggest that the common practice of releasing females is not advantageous when a fishery is affected by a parasite. Retaining females in the catch is preferable in most cases. Treating or culling infected females may be advisable when host recruitment is closed.
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