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    Fatty acids linkage between mackerel icefish (Champsocephalus gunnari) and Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) at South Georgia

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    Numéro du document:
    G.P. Zhu and J.Y. Zhu
    Soumis par:
    Guoping Zhu (Chine)
    Approuvé par:
    Xianyong Zhao (Chine)
    Fish. Res., 253 (2022): 106366

    Mackerel icefish, Champsocephalus gunnari, is a species of ecological and commercial importance and is the primary predator of Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba). Therefore, elucidating the trophic linkage between C. gunnari and its exclusive prey can provide a model for the trophic relationship between a predator and its prey in cold environments. Stomach contents analysis showed that E. superba was the predominant prey of C. gunnari in terms of quantity (99.3%) and quality (99.9%) during winter at South Georgia. E. superba had a similar fatty acid profile to that of C. gunnari, with a high proportion of short-chain monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and a lower proportion of long-chain MUFA. However, C. gunnari was more likely to retain polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially docosahexaenoic; E. superba tended to accumulate saturated fatty acids and MUFA. This reflects the fact that fatty acids, when transferred from low trophic level to higher levels, are accumulated in the predator selectively, according to their relative content in the diet and their physiological and ecological function in the predator. We recommend the feeding study of Antarctic fish, especially trophic relationship between fish and preys of significant ecological importance, needs to be enhanced and fishery bycatch, as an important supplementary sample source, can provide a valuable contribution to this aspect.