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    Analysis of dietary overlap in Antarctic fish (Notothenioidei)
    from the South Shetland Islands: no evidence of food competition

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    Номер документа:
    E. Barrera-Oro (Argentina)
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    A dietary overlap analysis between notothenioid species was carried out among three fish assemblages at the South Shetland Island area. Using tyler’s (1972) method, the reoccurrence of main and secondary prey among fish predators was 33% in summer and 37% over the year at Potter Cove; 25% in summer and 7% in winter at Admiralty Bay; and 20% in autumn/winter around Elephant Island. Likewise, using the “S” index of Linton et al. (1981) the diet similarity between most species pairs is <50%. This relatively low dietary overlap may be explained by the about equally divided occurrence of generalised feeders and specialised feeders, with no evidence of competition among them. The fishes trophic niches seem to be separated by depth and by the prey taxa. These findings are compared with other Antarctic fish communities and those in similar non-Antarctic cold marine ecosystems.