A CCAMLR Ecosystem Monitoring Program (CEMP) has been initiated by Norway at Bouvetøya, South Atlantic Ocean. A permanent research station was established at the CEMP site, Nyrøysa, on the western coast of the island during the 1996/97 field season. Species included in the monitoring program are the Chinstrap Penguin, Macaroni Penguin and Antarctic Fur Seal. During the first field season (1996/97), monitoring of the following parameters were initiated for the two species of penguins: Breeding population size (A3), Age-specific annual survival and recruitment (A4), Duration of foraging trips (A5), Breeding success (A6), Chick diet (A8) and Breeding chronology (A9). For the Antarctic Fur Seal, the program includes monitoring of Duration of cow foraging/attendance cycles (C1) and Pup growth (C2).
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