We summarise fishing catch and fishing effort in the Ross Sea region (Subarea 88.1 and Small-Scale Research Units (SSRUs) 88.2A-B)) together with biological characteristics of the catch of Antarctic toothfish (Dissostichus mawsoni) through the 2021–22 fishing season. The implementation of the Ross Sea region Marine Protected Area (RSrMPA) from 1st December 2017 has concentrated subsequent fishing on the continental slope south of 70° S, with recent fishing effort extending into SSRUs 88.2A-B.
The scaled length distributions showed no decrease in the size of fish caught through time in any of the management areas, although there was strong interannual variability in the area south of 70° S that was likely driven by changes in the fine-scale spatial distribution of fishing effort or the influence of strong and weak year classes entering the fishery. There was a small change in the sex ratio of Antarctic toothfish, with a gradual pattern of more males caught in all areas until 2015. The number of Antarctic toothfish recaptured in 2020–21 and 2021–22 via a mark-recapture program was higher than the average annual number of recaptures over the past decade, likely a consequence of the concentration of fishing effort on the Ross Sea slope following the implementation of the RSrMPA. In 2022, a tagged fish was recaptured after 17 years at liberty.